In Genesis 37:25, as Joseph’s brothers contemplated how to kill him, a caravan of Ishmaelites passed by on their way to Egypt from Gilead. [2] There also exists an alternative theory that it means 'rocky region'. (Judges 11:1). 2.Bashan: Orr, James, M.A., D.D. There also exists an alternative theory that it means 'rocky region'. Bible Dictionaries - Easton's Bible Dictionary - Gilead, Bible Dictionaries - Hitchcock's Bible Names Dictionary - Gilead, Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gilead (1), Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Gilead (2), California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. Three Biblical men are named Gilead. The first is a grandson of Manasseh, the founder of one of Israel's tribes (Numbers 26:29). It is also referred to by the Aramaic name Yegar-Sahadutha, which carries the same meaning as the Hebrew (Genesis 31:47). 1915. At length Tiglath-pileser overran the country and transported many of the inhabitants (2 Kings 15:29). A mountainous region E of the Jordan.Often mentioned in the OT, in its broadest sense it can be applied to all of Israelite Trans-Jordan (cf. Gilead or Gilad (; Hebrew: גִּלְעָד‎, Arabic: جلعاد‎ – Ǧalʻād, Jalaad) is the name of three people and two geographic places in the Bible. Name of three people and two geographical locations in the Bible, Hebrew Dictionary, Strong's Concordance of the Bible, reference #5707, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Gilead&oldid=996602583, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, The son of Michael and father of Jaroah, in the Gadite genealogies (, This page was last edited on 27 December 2020, at 16:15. Gilead." But there is more to the meaning of this Balm of Gilead. (r) Meaning,that no man's help or means could save them: for in Gilead was precious balm, Jer 46:11 or else deriding the vain confidence of the people, who looked to their priests for help, who would have been the physicians of their soul, and dwelt at Gilead, Ho 6:8. If this is the case, it is likely derived from גלעד gal‛êd, which in turn comes from gal ('heap, mound, hill') and ‛êd ('witness, testimony'). Now that is one of the lovely ironies of the Bible story, that Joseph was thrown in with the spices and the balm, as just another piece of merchandise. The name Gilead first appears in the biblical account of the last meeting of Jacob and Laban (Genesis 31:21–22). If this is correct, the ancient city may be represented by the modern Jil`ad, a ruin about 5 miles North of es-Salt. Where this formation is deep the country is bare and arid, supplied by cisterns and deep wells. While not so rich as the volcanic loam in the North and in and the South, the soil of Gilead amply repays the labor of the husbandman. "eternal happiness". Orr, James, M.A., D.D. Gideon and his army lay to the South of the plain of Jezreel on the lower slopes of Gilboa. The name Jebel Jil`ad is still, indeed, applied to a mountain South of Nahr ez-Zerqa and North of es-Salt; but this does not meet the necessities of the passage as it stands. why then is not the health of the daughter of my people recovered? The greatest height is toward the South, where it culminates in Jebel Osh`a (3,597 ft.), to the North of es-Salt. See more. Genesis 37:25 is the first time the Bible mentions this Balm from Gilead. The Syrians asserted their supremacy in Gilead (2 Kings 10:32) where Moab and Israel had contended with varying fortune (M S). The appearance of the Moslem armies was the signal for its decay. [3] It is now within the Kingdom of Jordan. A balm is a salve mixture made from plants that is used to make medicine and is usually aromatic. Tools. It is covered in part by the more recent white marls which form the curious peaks of the foothills immediately above the Jordan valley; but reaches above them to an elevation of 1,000 ft. above the Mediterranean on the South, and forms the bed of the Buqei`a basin farther East, and 1,000 ft. higher. Listen to the audio pronunciation of Gilead (Bible) on pronouncekiwi. Meaning: the heap or mass of testimony . Stack Exchange Network. Bible verses about Gilead. Answer: Gilead was a fertile, mountainous area east of the Jordan River. Solomon had two commissariat districts in Gilead (1 Kings 4:13,19). It comprised the possessions of the tribes of Gad and Reuben and the south part of Manasseh ( Deuteronomy 3:13 ; Numbers 32:40 ). Gilead was a mountainous region east of the Jordan River, situated in modern-day Jordan. The name Gilead is sometimes used to denote the whole country East of the Jordan ( Genesis 37:25; Joshua 22:9; 2 Samuel 2:9, etc.). Sign in to disable ALL ads. The Ishmaelites from Gilead (Genesis 37:25) were carrying "spicery and balm and myrrh." If this is the case, it is likely derived from גלעד gal‛êd, which in turn comes from gal ('heap, mound, hill') and ‛êd ('witness, testimony'). By the conquest of the fortress Rabbah, which the Ammonites had continued to hold, the land passed finally under the power of David (2 Samuel 12:26). Then were built such cities as Gadara and Gerasa, which are still imposing, even in ruins. "International Standard Bible Encyclopedia". It is also referred to by the Aramaic name Yegar-Sahadutha, which carries the same meaning as the Hebrew Gilead, namely "heap [of stones] of testimony" (Genesis 31:47–48). Gilead, Gileadite, Gilad, a region East of the Jordan Hebrew: גִּלְעָד, gilʿād (H1568) 93 King James Bible Verses (Page 2 of 2) Here are Gilead, Gileadite and related words in the Bible. Below are the English definition details. Gilead, Gileadite, Gilad, a region East of the Jordan Hebrew: גִּלְעָד, gilʿād (H1568) 93 King James Bible Verses. It was used more generally for the entire region east of the Jordan River. That’s what we’re going to explore in this post. hill of testimony, ( Genesis 31:21 ), a mountainous region east of Jordan. The average height of the range is about 4,000 ft. above the Jordan valley, or 3,000 ft. above the Mediterranean. "Balm of Gilead" has three references in the Bible. Attempts were made to recover it for Christianity by Baldwin I (1118 AD) and Baldwin II (1121 AD); and the Crusaders left their mark in such strong-holds as Kal`at er-Rabad and the castle at es-Salt. גִּלְעָד), the central region east of the Jordan, approximately between the river Yarmuk in the north and the northern end of the Dead Sea in the south. Alexander Janneus, who had subdued Gilead, was forced to yield it again to the king of Arabia (Ant., XIII, xiv, 2; BJ, I, iv, 3). Gilead or Gilad (/ ˈ ɡ ɪ l i ə d /; Hebrew: גִּלְעָד ‎, Arabic: جلعاد ‎ – Ǧalʻād, Jalaad) is the name of three persons and two geographic places in the Bible.Gilead may mean 'hill of testimony'. The two angels came to Sodom in the evening, and Lot was sitting in the gate of Sodom. גִּלְעָד), the central region east of the Jordan, approximately between the river Yarmuk in the north and the northern end of the Dead Sea in the south. In three different places the Old Testament mentions the “balm” or healing ointment that comes from Gilead, the mountainous region east of the Jordan River. It was bounded on the north by Bashan, and on the south by Moab and Ammon (Genesis 31:21 KJV; Deuteronomy 3:12–17). The second is the father of Jephthah, a man who became a Judge in Israel from 1087 to 1081 B.C. In the modern name, `Ain Jalud, there may be an echo of the ancient Gilead. Abarim, Pisgah, Nebo, and Peor are its mountains mentioned in Scripture. In Genesis 37:25, as Joseph’s brothers contemplated how to kill him, a caravan of Ishmaelites passed by on their way to Egypt from Gilead. "Balm of Gilead" is referred to in the bible (“Is there no balm in Gilead” Genesis Chapter 37). It was from the ruggedness of this hard limestone that Gilead obtained its name. [4][5] According to Easton's Bible Dictionary,[5] it refers to a region in Transjordan. Jeremiah 8:22 | View whole chapter | See verse in context Is there no balm in Gilead; is there no physician there? Joab's census included Gilead (2 Samuel 24:6). Encyclopedias - International Standard Bible Encyclopedia - Balm Of Gilead BALM OF GILEAD The people of Jericho today prepare for the benefit of pilgrims a "Balm of Gilead" from the zaqqum (Balanites Aegyptiaca), but this has no serious claims to be the balm of antiquity. 1915. The Balm of Gilead has a deeper symbolic purpose in Scripture. The Latin Vulgate gives, Non convertam eum , i.e. The deep ravine of the river Yarmuk (the Classical-period Hieromax, modern-day Shari'at al-Manaḍirah) separated Bashan from Gilead, which was about 60 miles (97 km) in length and 20 miles (32 km) in breadth, extending from near the south end of the Lake of Gennesaret to the north end of the Dead Sea. Almost as high (3,430 ft.) is Jebei Kafkafah, about 12 miles to the Northeast. The tree or shrub producing the balm is commonly identified as Commiphora gileadensis. It is now within the Kingdom of Jordan. An Ammonite attack was repulsed by the prowess of Jephthah (Judges 11:1); and the spite of the Ephraimites was terribly punished (Judges 12:1). It is famous for its raisins. What does the source Hebrew word גִּלְעָד mean and how is it used in the Bible? Useful information will be found in Merrill, East of the Jordan; Oliphant, Land of Gilead; Thomson, LB; and especially in Conder, Heth and Moab, and in Memoirs of the Survey of Eastern Palestine. The frontiers between the tribes of Reuben, Gad and Manasseh cannot be indicated with any certainty. Gilead In a strict sense, the fertile area east of the Jordan River that extended north and south of the Valley of Jabbok. The soil is not now cultivated to any great extent; but it furnishes ample pasture for many flocks and herds (Song of Solomon 6:5). Exact Match. In the lower ground are found the tamarisk and the lotus, with many a waving cane-brake. Gilead is later mentioned as the homeplace of the prophet Elijah. "Entry for 'GILEAD (1)'". As mentioned in the Bible, women in Israel lost their honor if they … Gen 31:21 . In the Bible "Gilead" means hill of testimony or mound of witness, (Genesis 31:21), a mountainous region east of the Jordan River, situated in the Kingdom of Jordan. Gilead may mean 'hill of testimony'. It has been suggested (Studer, Comm., at the place) that, as the Midianites lay between the men of the northern tribes and their homes, they were told to cross the Jordan, make a detour through Gilead, and thus avoid the enemy. The modern division of the country follows the natural features. "Gilead" - mentioned in 19 books and occurs 92 times in the Bible. This mountain commands a most spacious view. The name is explained in Genesis 31:46,51, as derived from Hebrew gal, "a cairn," and `edh, "witness," agreeing in meaning with the Aramaic yegharsahadhutha'. Meaning of Gilead in Easy English – The east part of the land of Israel. The term was applied to the entire central section of Israelite Trans-Jordan (2 Kings 10:33). (1) A son of Machir, grandson of Manasseh (Numbers 26:29,30). To the East of it lies the hollow (an old lake bottom) of el-Buqei`a, fully 1,500 ft. lower. The streams are fringed with oleander. It was bounded on the north by Bashan, and on the south by Moab and Ammon ( Genesis 31:21 ; Deuteronomy 3:12-17 ). At a later time the Jewish residents in Gilead were exposed to danger from their heathen neighbors. References in the biblical account of the land enjoyed great prosperity of Jabbok or shrub producing the of... That it means 'rocky region ' village of any other district of ancient Palestine, E of the Jordan.... 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