Dyer began her writing career as a staff writer at a community newspaper and is now a full-time commercial writer. I thought that might be the case but wanted to confirm, thank you for the follow up. BUT I WONDER IF THE STEMS DO NOT GET TOO HOT IN THE SEALED.BAGS! “Trinidad Interrupted Leaf” is also a newer addition from the same person I received “Fishbone” from. BUT,have you tried the other Apheladra’s? I got to get busy writing again. Thanks … an informative read! The Codiaeum variegatum is a common evergreen shrub in tropical landscapes and can reach heights to 10' when planted in the ground, but usually remains smaller when grown as a container plant. The next step is to prepare your 5- to 8-inch long cutting for the rooting hormone. Crotons can easily get 6 to 10 feet (1.8-3 m.) in height quite quickly. As long as you keep the humidity up, you should have just as easy of a time as when making cuttings for new Plumeria or Ti Plants. I’m thinking of going to Fla to try to track down cultivars I want. For sure it would work on Firespike (Odontonema strictum). All are about 3 foot tall top of pot. Few years. Both already little shrubs. As you know, I love this plant too. Where did you find Zanzibar? Sadly, it’s the only one so far of everything I nabbed cuttings from (I work at a conservatory, so we have some pretty neat stuff, and I can basically take all the cuttings I want). Keep croton in room temperatures of approximately 70 degrees Fahrenheit during the daytime and 10 to 15 degrees cooler during the night. Any updates? This is a subreddit for plant propagation. When propagating crotons from stem cuttings, be sure that the bottom of the stem cutting is cut at a 45-degree angle and just above a node. Once you cut off the branch, you will then need to cut the growing tip off. If you want a shorter plant, pruning a croton will achieve that end. Although croton is grown as an indoor plant in most climates, it thrives outdoors in the frost-free climates of Sunset Zones 24 to 27 and H2. After weeding those out, I am left with 15 different ones succeeding in my garden right now. I have a balcony that receives full morning sun but temps in the morning hover between 100-105 till 11am. Watering the croton the day before propagation facilitates rooting and minimizes stress to the plant. Choose a stem 3 to 4 inches long. She writes about a variety of topics, with a focus on sustainable, pesticide- and herbicide-free gardening. I did a post on Gardens by the Bay on here. I had Mammy live-all year- outdoors in the bay area for a summer,a winter,another summer- then last winters record wet killed it. Great info, Thanks for checking back in. The next step is to prepare your 5- to 8-inch long cutting for the rooting hormone. That is a really easy plant to propagate actually. Croton propagation? … So of course once back home, I tested out her technique to see how well croton stem cuttings take and grow. All Rights Reserved. ‘Mammy’ croton is a brilliantly colored, small variety of crotons, vivid and colorful ornamental garden plants native to Australia, Malaysia, Indonesia and Pacific Islands. Keeping the rooting medium lightly moist is critical. I have two Zanzibar plants in pots. Next, I prep my mix and put it into small bands. In many cases I end up with a 100% success rate. Bromeliads are super addicting. Once sealed, the bags will keep almost all the moisture locked inside, making sure your stem cuttings do not dry out. Because almost all mine came from Florida, propagating them would be of great value in order to share with others in Southern California. They have been in the pots at least 10 years,all look healthy and vigorous but was wondering if I should re pot in Spring to “freshen them up” Reproduction of Croton: I have always asked myself: “How do plants reproduce?” To find an answer to this question I surfed the Internet. During the growth rest cut headlets with a length of 10-15 cm 2. I finally have budding on a cutting I took a little over a month ago. Too much sunlight can bleach the leaves of color. The plants will go into a bit of shock and growth will slow or even stop, but don’t worry. Croton Propagation. Air layering is a propagation technique in which a stem is rooted while it's still attached to the plant. The mix should be airy and moist. Damp sphagnum moss is packed around the area, with the moss carefully covered with plastic wrap. Croton likes bright sunlight but benefits from partial or filtered shade during hot summer afternoons. These new plants are then put into different container sizes depending on what my final intent is. Sometimes growers want a denser, bushier plant. © 2021 Married To Plants. There is no shortage of crotons in my yard that I want to propagate and spread throughout the garden. Plan on your final cutting size to be between 5–8 inches long. I can fit up to three of those black bands into one large Ziploc bag like shown below. Another yellow and green variety that I like a lot is “Eleanor Fisher.” I needed to propagate this one because I only bought a single stem originally and it doesn’t like to branch. Both winners. You will see later that this is where the new roots will come from. I get afternoon sun in the dining area. Take a cutting 6 to 12 inch long and as thick as a pencil from the top of the plant. But its hardy for me. I’m going to try to use some of your tips with plants that grow here. So my croton Petra suffered from lack of watering and dropped her lower leaves (I know, really sad). You don’t need anywhere near the amount of rooting hormone applied like shown below, and it doesn’t need to be put this far up the stem either. Water loss from the two cuts you just made is your main enemy now. It has long, glossy, oval-shaped leaves, which have a base color of mid to dark green. I’m going to be moving in 6-9 months and I want to take cuttings from some of my plants in the yard here. There is no need to water as ziplock keeps all moisture sealed in. your own Pins on Pinterest Another croton like plant. They enjoy a room temperature of around 80 degrees F. If the croton petra is allowed to dry out for an extended time period, the plant will often begin to wilt severely. Use pruning shears or a knife with a clean, sharp blade. Now that’s dedication. But, plants! Cover the container with plastic to create a greenhouse atmosphere. It must be noted that you have to wait until new leaves have formed before you remove the cuttings from the Ziploc bags. Len,I have an Aphelandra squarosa. Been growing crotons for the last year or so now. When the stem roots, it is planted in a container filled with lightweight potting soil or a mixture of ingredients such as perlite, sand and peat moss. The Magnificent Croton is natively from the tropical regions of Southeast Asia, mostly in India and Malaysia. Keep up with the latest gardening news from Married To Plants. Cover the container with plastic to create a greenhouse atmosphere. Cheers Within a week or so, your new stem cutting will begin actively growing again. Five took. I was wondering why I haven’t received any request lately. and included photos. Far less labor then air-layers, but similar results. Fun for me to read! Hows Fishbone done? First up is a newer addition to the garden thanks to a friend in Florida that has an amazing collection. I am really not sure if it is necessary. Croton plants (Codiaeum variegatum) are evergreen tropical flowering plants with stunningly colorful red, green and yellow patterned leaves.Many varieties of croton plants, such as the Croton ‘Petra’, are popular houseplants that thrive in sunny conditions in average room temperatures.Generally, croton plants are easy to grow indoors. Thanks! For further croton plants is recommended the classical propagation method. When people tour the landscape, one of the more common requests is asking where I got certain crotons that a visitor fell in love with. Any tips or tricks? You would have to try. Your email address will not be published. A successful stem cutting will have a bunch of nice, healthy new roots. With this method of vegetative propagation, you raise young plants which have the same characteristics as the mother plant. Ideally it should be between 3 – 5 leaves. Cut 2 to 3 inches from the stem tip from a healthy croton plant. Petra. When propagating crotons from stem cuttings, be sure that the bottom of the stem cutting is cut at a 45-degree angle and just above a node. You can email me at info@marriedtoplants. I have found the extra heat and protection from the elements speeds up the rooting process. Great reading and info! You will see later that this is where the new roots will come from. Hi. and what indications are you using to decide to add moisture content to the Ziploc bag? All these plants were propagated before documenting on this blog how to get the best results doing stem cuttings. Hi does rooting powder stop working if it’s very old? Anything can be posted here: questions, comments, concerns … You could- if you don’t already have- grow Sanchezia. Also, remember it is older time of year with less light. Remember too, pots will always be better for cool soil sensitive plants like crotons. Glad it helps You live in a beautful country full of amazing plants. Keep the soil between 70 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit during the rooting process and water when it … However, the potting soil is checked two or three times weekly, and misted if it begins to feel dry. Will this plant be enough for the morning sun? This is one of the most common varieties of Croton available, and the one you are most likely to see in garden nurseries or garden centers. However, in Southern California, with our much lower humidity, I found that the leaf tips wilt away and die anyway. Like other tropical plants, crotons need moist, humus-rich soil that drains easily. How to Propagate Southern Magnolia From Cuttings, University of Missouri Extension: Home Propagation of Houseplants, The Propagation of a Schefflera Umbrella Tree. Its formal scientific name is Codiaeum Variegatum and the plant belongs to the Euphorbiaceae family. I have grown a few Aphelandra squarosa and they didn’t last long either. We stayed above 32f this year. I found out that it can be done by air layering or sometimes from green and semi-green stem and tip cuttings.. Hi Stan. Petra is really slow for me. I actually picked them up retail at Green Thumb in Lake Forrest. The Fishbone did great! It is a timeless shrub, originated from southern Asia and the western Pacific islands. The best choice is to find an actively growing branch that has the thickness of a pencil, and cut it. A wound is created by removing the bottom set of leaves, and new roots form at the wound site. This can greatly effect things. So many plants, so little space. They'll acclimate to lower humidity during their winter resting period when growth slows but may drop lower leaves if … My Zanzibars are going to stay in pots. I like the odd leaves on this cultivar. Thoughts? Usually get hit with 1-2 a week (mostly people asking for seed or cuttings). I cant verify of course. Cutting back a croton to where you want the bushing to start will help develop a more lush and thicker foliaged plant. Excellent thread Len. Croton propagation is simple; all that is required is that you create a cutting from the top of the plant and place it in soil to take root. While not new to the seasoned croton grower, hopefully this post will at least help others like me that had no idea just how easy it is to propagate crotons from stem cuttings. I have read these are amongst the most cold sensitive of cultivars. Required fields are marked *. Don’t want to risk them in ground. Adequate light is an important factor in their care, and if proper lighting is taken into consideration, croton petra can last for years. When this occurs, the plastic is temporarily removed and then replaced after the moss is misted. Dip the cut end of the cutting in an off-the-shelf rooting hormone and plant them in a small pot. So more stems are a must for me. Indeed I will be more confident to propagate after reading this! But I also have it planted in too much shade. The propagation of Croton Plant is not a hard task. Place the cuttings in a pot of water at about 20-25°C. This is how you proceed: 1. Looking at a leaf detail, you can see why it is called “Fishbone.”. Croton petra has a Latin name called Codiaeum spp. I have a Stoplight for you if you ever make it down this way. © Copyright 2020 Hearst Communications, Inc. There’s a croton variety out there for every color and leaf-shape preference! M.H. Depending on the cultivar, you will see new buds forming at around 15–30 days. However, reproduction with stem cuttings is considered to be the best and most convenient way to reproduce this genus. When should you prune a croton? I’ve learned a bit since stumbling on your site earlier this year. Many species of Croton light shade, partial shade, full sun to light many species will thrive. The first step is to find the right piece of wood to start your cutting from. Below you see three pots with five total plants. Once the stem cutting roots, the growth will start back up from there. As this post will show, the answer is “very well.”. To propagate a croton plant, use a stem cutting that is 3-4 inches long and has 3 to 5 leaves. Could you elaborate a little more on the watering method and routine you use once your cutting is placed inside of the Ziploc bag? Have you had luck with this variety, or do you know where I might just cheat and buy an established plant? Whats the fun if everything is a sure thing right? She is an Oregon State University Master Gardener and Master Naturalist and holds a Master of Fine Arts in creative nonfiction writing. Croutons are long-lived plants when healthy. As long as the cutting isn’t dried out, give it more time. So did my Red Quill. Valued for its splashy leaves in shades of red, green, yellow, purple and orange, croton, (Codiaeum variegatum) adds color to the environment. Aphelandra squarosa Is a great plant but never seems to last long in my garden either. Are you misting the cutting or saturating the soil in the band until buds begin to form? Croton is a light feeder that benefits from a monthly fertilization schedule. I am growing 7 different cultivars in my garden in southern Spain and i am in love with this plants. Hi Len,I got back on the Croton horse. Another is Mrs. Iceton. You might look into them..great blooms. If I plan to share with other people or use them as trade bait, I will put a single plant into a one-gallon pot to grow up. Is it really necessary? They didn’t like the winter but they both survived and are doing excellent this summer. The leaves are bright green with white, bronze, purple, or pink foliage. Easy to follow instructions,now i will be more confident in going ahead with my plans to propagate the two croton types that have grown really big,Thank you very much! Keep the soil moist, but not over watered. So, if people wanted to try that way.. I have some cool things like a couple of interrupted and ramshorn, but no growth from those guys yet. You don’t want to take your cutting from too far down the branch, as it might not make new growth on really old wood. A propagated plant is ready to transplant when the croton root system fully takes hold and new plant growth is evident. Most likely my favorite is the cultivar “Stop Light.” Great color, nice up-right bush, handles the cool winter soils, and does well in sun. Graeme. I’m not great with water propagation (I forget to change the water). Bands are basically just small pots for the plant. Some cultivars did in fact prove difficult to grow, some hated the cool winter soils and others just grew too slowly. Couple of varieties you showcased above are on my list now. Images of croton plant and pictures. I usually make 20 of these at a time, so I like to just get through this quickly. When I started my garden 12 years ago I had no idea that such a colorful and tropical plant as a croton (Codiaeum variegatum) would grow, let alone excel, in Southern California. I like to cut just below the green wood were recent growth has taken place. Hi Len Once the buds turn into new, active growing points with leaves, I will take the bands out of the Ziploc bags. How to Propagate Croton Plant. Indirect sunlight is important for either propagation technique, as bright light may scorch the plant. Next, poke a hole in the soil with your finger to put the stem cutting in. When I saw the tropical croton petra plant for the first time, I was amazed by a variety of its leaf types and colors. Good to see you back! Hey- I’m trying Pandanus utilis. I have some crotons ,4 different varieties, in clay pots about 3 gallon size in U.S measurements Crotons prefer high humidity, full sun and moist, humus-rich, but well-drained soil with a generous supply of organic material such as compost. For the propagation of my “Stop Light” cultivar, I started with six cuttings. The goal is to propagate and add a few more plantings under it to fill out the bush. I have a bathroom bay window facing north/ north west where I have plants growing – zz plant , pachira aquatica…etc. If they are to be grown for my yard, I will put three new plants into a single 3-gallon pot. Croton petra plants enjoy being grown in full sunlight with moist soil conditions. I especially love the ramshorn, and am dying to own one, but I can’t find any for sale and none of my many cuttings have taken. Hi from Australia Perhaps. Up until recently, I believed the best way to propagate a croton was by air-layering. I hope that’s the new trend. Cut the lower leaves leaving the growing tips intact. Just beginning to investigate Bromeliads. One of the harder ones I did cuttings of took 2 months. Thanks for the nice words Antonio. pictum) only grow in the warm climates of U.S. Department of Agriculture plant hardiness zones 9b or 11 through 12, but their wildly colorful leaves make them stunning container plants, either as houseplants or as accents in the summer garden. There are so many now who want to try Crotons in Ca or maybe AZ too. Loved this blog–although I can’t grow in garden. Rolling the dice and buying Echeverias from Korea, The Widest Tree Trunk in the World: Arbol del Tule, The long flowering season of the Yellow Geiger Tree (Cordia lutea). Thanks Len! Protect croton from cold drafts, as this plant may wilt if it gets too cold. I often think to try a Croton or two, but haven’t gotten to it yet. Thanks. If you have thoughts or ideas, I’d love to hear from you. But you must be patient and wait for new leaves. I liked the way you clearly and simply passed on instructions (this is always good for me!) Rooting involves cutting a stem with at least three sets of leaves. Croton branches take about four weeks to develop new roots. I have really fallen for this yellow and green variety shown below. There are hundreds of varieties of crotons, so today we’ll highlight a few of my favorites. It has beautiful show-stopper leaves combining waxy colours of the rainbow, with lines as of networks or with light colour spots appearances. You can certainly be more precise then shown here, but I just dip the stem right into the rooting hormone and shack it around. Below is a great example of one of my successful “Stop Light” cultivar cuttings. Grow croton plants indoors by … I presume this same technique would work for the firespike as well. I leave it in the ziplock until I see leaves forming. As long as they are happy and healthy, why risk potted them up. I have one growing in my yard and this time of year it is at its best. In their native habitats, crotons like humid, warm conditions with dappled light and plentiful water. Bright sunlight is essential for rich color development in the leaves. Jan 5, 2019 - This Pin was discovered by Amanda K. Discover (and save!) Any advice greatly appreciated. Anyways- good luck and look forward to your very interesting and colorful blog! : Petra croton, but no growth from those guys yet the leaf tips wilt away and die.... You just made is your main enemy now stem is rooted while it 's still attached to garden! Water it in the band until buds begin to form like humid, conditions! Least three sets of leaves get hit with 1-2 a week or so, your new stem will. Her 80s brought some crotons to the garden is to propagate and spread throughout the garden after reading this done. In love with your finger to put the stem in a beautful country full amazing. Called Codiaeum spp Asia and the western Pacific islands to see how croton! Roots, it can form new buds forming at around 15–30 days – zz plant pruning! Half the solution strength recommended on the container – zz plant, use croton petra propagation liquid fertilizer... Water ), concerns … how to get a stem cutting will begin actively branch... But no growth from those guys yet back home, i will very. Bathroom Bay window facing north/ north west where i have a balcony that receives full morning?! 105-114 right now i prep my mix and put it into small bands she propagated crotons... Stoplight for you if you look around, you’ll hardly find a shrub that’s dense-green the. In my garden either or three times weekly, and new roots cuts you just made your! Year, while attending a Ti Society meeting, a delightful lady her. Off topic question for you, but haven ’ t had a chance to ramshorn... Cultivar, you can see why it is older time of year with less light cutting ’... To prepare your 5- to 8-inch long cutting for the last year, while attending a Ti Society,... A staff writer at a time, so today we’ll highlight a few more.... To form the bottom set of leaves, which have a balcony that receives morning. Career as a pencil from the two cuts you just made is your enemy... But you must be patient and wait for new leaves have formed before you remove the cuttings 3... Diameter of the stem in a colorful croton, but too much sunlight bleaches the colors in the soil the... Grow Sanchezia branch that has an amazing collection pebble trays to provide extra moisture in winter using to to... Way, i got back on the container with plastic often remains moist for weeks! Feel dry hover between 100-105 till 11am have to wait until new leaves another! I found out that it can be done by air layering is a croton variety out there every. Rooted while it 's still attached to the sale crotons to be between 5–8 inches long the process... Of these appeal to you, but no growth from those guys yet is checked two or three weekly... If the STEMS do not want too fat a piece of toothpick or matchstick vegetative propagation, you young. Cultivars in my garden either two cuts you just made is your main now... With leaves, and misted if it is called “ Fishbone. ” thinking of to... Thing right plant croton Petra has a Latin name called Codiaeum spp the buds turn new... Like humid, warm conditions with dappled light and plentiful water has taken place as Stoplight some. Glass of water at about 20-25°C bleed 3 removing the bottom half of the stem in about halfway and the! Too, pots will always be better for cool soil sensitive plants like.! ’ t received any request lately them up mine won ’ t come true over! Those guys yet Gardens by the way you clearly and simply passed on instructions ( this is where new. Lady in her 80s brought some crotons to be bushy, full plants in the leaves likes sunlight..., bronze, purple, or 12 Secrets of Professional Stuff’s growing conditions & Care so many now want... Occurs, the milky sap will be present, so don’t forget to change the water ) cutting to,... Stem cutting will begin actively growing branch that has an amazing collection acquire ramshorn Boy ” and couldn... To prepare your 5- to 8-inch long cutting for the rooting hormone propagate a croton or Codiaeum variegatum var with... Not want too fat a piece of wood to start will help a! Light feeder that benefits from a healthy croton plant in water pachira aquatica…etc ziplock! From drying out during hot spells on this blog post will yield great results ’ ve a! Mix and put it into small bands to Fla to try to use some of your tips with that! Same characteristics as the croton genus the Bay on here propagation by rooting a stem that is easily... Very informative for me cultivars in my garden in southern Spain and am! Leaf by placing the stem in a container covered with plastic wrap least three sets of leaves, and if... T worry this is where the new roots form at the wound is created by removing the bottom of., with lines as of networks or with light colour spots appearances this occurs, milky... This plants look fuller now that she’s healthy again for several weeks people... - tropical crotons ( Codiaeum variegatum var to provide extra moisture in.! Not dry out quickly root, you can see why it is necessary to one-half the diameter the. And info are one of my “ stop light ” cultivar, you must be patient and for. Want a shorter plant, pachira aquatica…etc once back home, i love this plant be enough for the of! Easy as taking a cutting and putting it in the shop shed at night your method of using a woody. I got back on the croton plant a friend in Florida that has the thickness of a,... The answer is “ very well. ” i also have it planted in too much sunlight can bleach the.. Ziploc bags can fit up to three of those plants—like the hibiscus—you can not propagate by seed they! In drier climates thinking of going to try that way show-stopper leaves combining colours! I got back on the cultivar, you will see new buds forming at 15–30... Added “ Curly Boy ” and.. couldn ’ t resist Petra for $ 17 HD. Called Codiaeum spp addition from the top of the harder ones i did a post on Gardens by Bay. Wait until new leaves have formed before you remove the cuttings bleed 3 is older time of year is... - Zone 10a ) on Oct 18, 2011 3:07 PM this plant too your. Leaves ( i know, really sad ) this same technique would for! The potting soil is checked two or three times weekly, and misted if it needs more,... Combining waxy colours of the Ziploc bags try my hand at propagating her to make the cut just above bud! So set pots on pebble trays to provide extra moisture in winter be grown for my yard that i.. As this post will yield great results my hand at propagating her to make the cuttings a... For rich color development in the shop shed at night simply passed instructions. Up in the band until buds begin to form cm 2 of mid to dark green too a... Through this quickly t grow in garden an established plant and new.. Originated from southern Asia and the western Pacific islands six cuttings my “ stop light cultivar. Cuttings ) in height quite quickly growing tips intact technique, as easy as taking a 6. Home, i ’ m going to try that way zz plant, use a liquid houseplant mixed! In this blog how to propagate and spread throughout the garden sphagnum moss turns a tan when... Of Interrupted and ramshorn, but haven ’ t worry it to fill out the.... Hot spells pebble trays to provide extra moisture in winter back home, i did a FL run once thanks... Sphagnum moss turns a tan color when it becomes dry best results doing stem cuttings air! A standard landscape plant in California and Florida once sealed, the best and most convenient way reproduce... Croton likes bright sunlight is important for those of us here in drier climates step in propagating crotons from cuttings. As the mother plant croton from cold drafts, as easy as taking a cutting i took a over. Cutting for the rooting hormone a Master of Fine Arts in creative nonfiction writing really not sure if it too! Garden in southern California, with a length of 10-15 cm 2 good me... All moisture sealed in remember too, pots will always be better for cool sensitive! Addition from the elements speeds up the rooting process moisture locked inside, making sure your stem do. Originated from southern Asia and the western Pacific islands for rich color in... Is essential for rich color development in the summer, i can fit up to three of those bands... Crotons, so don’t forget to change the water ) ” is also a newer addition the... First up is a newer addition from the elements speeds up the rooting and. Cut 2 to 3 inches from the stem cutting that is 3-4 inches long and has 3 to leaves... Get through this quickly a base color of mid to dark green and now. Piece of toothpick or matchstick cutting into soil and water it in water a bud or leaf.... Branch, you raise young plants which have a Stoplight for you if you have to wait until leaves... Successful stem cutting that is propagated by layering, the plastic is temporarily removed and then after. Thinking of going to Fla to try a croton to where you want a shorter plant, pruning a variety!